The cannabis plant has been used for recreational and medicinal use for thousands of years, but it's only recently that scientists have been able to isolate and determine the different compounds that make up the plant.
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. Of nearly 500 compounds that make up the plant, there are just over 60 that are determined to be cannabinoids; and of those 10 that are prevalent, and have been research to different extents.
The most well known among these compounds is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, and cannabidiol (CBD), which is non psychoactive but has been known to have therapeutic properties.
Cannabinoids exert their effects by interacting with specific cannabinoid receptors present on the surface of cells.
These receptors are found in different parts of the central nervous system and the two main types of cannabinoid receptors in the body are CB1 and CB2.
We have created some infographics with a breakdown of the 10 key cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, and the therapeutic effects that have been researched to date. Use this as a guide, rather than medical advice as we are not doctors, and don't pretend to be.